Initially inspired by the development of batteries, it covers technology in general and includes some interesting little known, or long forgotten, facts as well as a few myths about the development of technology, the science behind it, the context in which it occurred and the deeds of the many personalities, eccentrics and charlatans involved.
"Either you do the work or you get the credit" Yakov Zel'dovich - Russian Astrophysicist Fortunately it is not always true.
Apparently no one has questioned his claim, but Newton obtained similar results two centuries earlier.
Researchers from Newton to Schaefer have essentially agreed on dates of lunar visibility, but not on the resultant crucifixion date.
Index, Home Schaefer (1990) and other modern researchers are apparently not aware that Sir Isaac Newton (1733) was the first to derive a date for the crucifixion of Christ by calculating when the crescent of the new moon was first visible in order to correlate the Judean and Julian calendars.
Yet I found he firmly believed in the fable of the foundation of Oxford University by Alfred the Great; the demonstration of its absurdity by Parker, and the revelation of the true origin of universities by Denifle and Rashdall not having reached him. Report of the Royal Commission on Secondary Education, V, 57-76, 1895. It is in the age of Quintilian that we first find private persons endowing schools and founding exhibitions. The institution of both grammar and rhetoric schools becomes more organized and more widespread in every generation. For this was deemed praiseworthy by our forefathers.Archbishop Ussher took the genealogies of Genesis, assuming they were complete, and calculated all the years to arrive at a date for the creation of the earth on Sunday, October 23, 4004 B. Of course, even assuming the method was valid, such an exact date is not possible from the genealogies of the Bible (Ussher assumed all the years the patriarchs lived were exactly 365.25 days long and that they all died the day before their next birthday).There are a number of other assumptions implicit in the calculation.Preliminary pages Chapter I (1-13) Our oldest school - Canterbury Chapter II (14-30) The Greek and Roman models Chapter III (31-45) Theodore of Tarsus and Aldhelm of Winchester Chapter IV (46-66) The schools of Northumbria: Bede and Alcuin Chapter V (67-75) Alfred the Great and the school of Winchester Chapter VI (76-95) The schools from Edward the Elder to Edward the Confessor Chapter VII (96-155) The schools from Lanfranc to Becket Chapter VIII (156-178) University colleges, collegiate churches, and schools Chapter IX (179-200) The era of school statutes Chapter X (201-212) The Black Death and Winchester College Chapter XI (213-234) The almonry of choristers' schools in the monasteries Chapter XII (235-276) The fifteenth century and humanism Chapter XIII (277-332) Henry VIII and the schools Index (333-308) THIS is the first attempt at a history of English Schools before the Reformation, reckoned from the accession of Edward VI. The rhetoric school itself laid down formal rules for the construction of speeches, and an analysis of the figures of speech, which strikes the modern as pedantic to the last degree. 195-212, 'established (instituit) salaries for rhetoricians, provided school halls for them (auditoria decrevit), and a system of exhibitions for the sons of poor men, if free-born (discipulos cum annonis pauperum filios modo ingenuos dari jussit),' a limitation which, whether through conscious imitation or mere coincidence of circumstance, was reproduced as to the qualification for fellowships at All Souls and scholarships at Eton in the reign of Henry VI. It is more probable that the centralizing edict was only to prevent town councils from appointing local favourites to the exclusion of better men from outside, and from cutting down salaries. masters of rhetoric schools, twenty-four annonæ, and masters of grammar schools, Greek and Latin, twelve annonæ.It is surprising and yet not surprising that such a history has never been attempted before. The over-subtle Greek mind, in its analysis of oratory as of philosophy, ran into precisely the same sort of excesses as the medieval mind did in the analysis of theology. ' Lastly, preparatory to the Senate, the praise and blame of laws, i.e. 117-138, had established an Athenaeum including public grammar school buildings. An annona was the yearly pay of an ordinary soldier or day labourer, so that the grammar schoolmaster was reckoned as worth twelve times, and the rhetorician twenty-four times an ordinary man. 414 Honorius and Theodosius extended the privileges of grammar masters, rhetoric masters, and philosophy preceptors, to their wives and children, their sons even being exempt from military service.Schaefer notes the date without comment, while Humphreys & Waddington (1983) and Humphries (1989) suggest that Newton's "chief reason seems to have been that 23 April is St. "The Judean Calendar during the Second Commonwealth and the Scrolls," Jewish Quar.